Universal Basic Income (UBI) means that each person is paid (by the government) enough money that they can afford food, shelter and even a carefully budgeted social life without the need for work. The extremely poor would be paid exactly the same weekly wage as the extremely rich. Where would this money come from? A tax on the obscenely rich of course.
Category: Ethics and Society, Money, Philosophy, Public AffairsTags: Amazon, Automation, Basic Income, Diminished Returns, Economics, Employment, Fairness, Happiness, Income Inequality, Income Tax, Inequality, Luddites, Minimum Wage, Philosophy, Robots, Socialism, Technology, Unionisation, Universal Basic Income, Wealth Tax
A report released in 2017 found that over half of all global emissions since 1988 have been produced by just 25 companies. When you take into account the 100 most environmentally damaging companies, known as the ‘Carbon Majors’, that figure rises to over 70%. Even so, we are constantly told that individual actions like using canvas bags and taking the bus will be enough to avoid the catastrophic effects of climate change. The truth is that the onus is on the major greenhouse gas emitters like Exxon Mobil and Shell Oil to simply stop extracting and distributing fossil fuels. Unfortunately, the pressures of the competitive market mean that they are not going to do this without a push.
Every minute, the equivalent of a truckload of plastic enters the sea. Since 2004, humans have produced more plastic than we did in the previous 50 years combined. As the global population rises, our need for cheap and sturdy materials rises with it. The problem with plastics is that they are too sturdy. Every piece of plastic ever produced still exists somewhere in the world. Once the plastic has finally disintegrated, that is by no means the end of the problem. Plastics in the ocean break down into tiny particles known as microplastics. Such particles are found throughout marine ecosystems; from the stomachs of fish, to the stomachs of the seabirds who eat them.
Hence, geneticists worldwide have called for a moratorium on human germline trials. Critics say that gene editing technology has not yet been developed or tested sufficiently for use on human embryos. We simply do not yet know the long-term effects of genetic modification using CRISPR.
Despite both the effectiveness of the treatment and the general public support for organ donation, there is a persistent global shortage of transplantable organs. In recent years, governments and regulatory bodies have been exploring a variety of ways to decrease this shortage, potentially saving hundreds of thousands of lives. This article summarises the most significant regulatory and technological developments around the world and evaluates their effectiveness in increasing the availability of transplantable organs, focussing on the move from an ‘opt-in’ to an ‘opt-out’ system.
Category: Ethics and Society, Health, Philosophy, Public AffairsTags: Consent, Ethics, Family, Informed Consent, Legislature, Liberal, Medical Ethics, Motivation, Opinion, Opt-in, Opt-out, Organ Donation, Organs, Priority Rule, Public Affairs, Statistics, Survival, Transplant, Transplantation, Vulnerability
Back in February, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) released an updated report on the harmful effects of certain pesticides on a variety of bees. Confirming conclusions made in their 2013 report, the EFSA found a wealth of evidence supporting the claim that the world’s most popular pesticide group, neonicotinoids (or neonics for short) are harmful to both honeybees and bumblebees.
Category: Conservation, Environment, Health, Public AffairsTags: Bayer, Bees, Biodiversity, Conservation, EFSA, EU, Extinction, Friends of the Earth, Honey, Metastudy, Neonicotinoids, Neonics, Pesticides, Science, Syngenta, Task Force on Systemic Pesticides, UK Pesticide Action Network, WIA, Wildlife
Figures from the World Inequality Report show that while the income of the US population grew by a total of 63% between 1980 and 2016, the income of the top 0.001% in the US over the same period grew by a gargantuan 629%. When we look at the global rankings, we see that, for the most part, the most equal countries are also the happiest and the least equal are the least happy.